I.I. Polzunov Altai State Technical University
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Higher Education in Russia

Higher Education in Russia is introduced by state and non-state accredited higher educational institutions (HEIs). Russian System of Education to be internationally recognized by worldwide expert leaders is one of the most advanced and up-to-date systems in the world. Free quota for higher education is available if only under government funding. Higher Education in Russia is under jurisdiction of Ministry for Education and Science that grants state quotas and controls government expenditure and as the accrediting and licensing body for HEIs draws and maintains state educational standards. Only accredited higher education institutions are entitled to award state issued diplomas and degrees certifying professional and academic rights supported by reciprocal international agreements on qualifications recognition and education documents legitimacy. Only accredited higher education institutions have the right to use the seal bearing the National Emblem of the Russian Federation. National Standard in Education guards equal nationwide requirements applicable to core subjects and levels of education within the related programs.

Russian Higher Education institutions:

  1. University is a higher education institution aiming at developing education, science and culture through fundamental research and teaching students at all levels of higher undergraduate and postgraduate education in a wide range of natural and social studies as well as science, technology and culture.
  2. Academy is a higher education institution aiming at developing education, science and culture through fundamental research and teaching students at all levels of higher undergraduate and postgraduate education mainly in one specific area of science, technology and culture.
  3. Institute is a higher education institution or university/academy branch that offers educational programs in specific areas of science, technology and culture and also pursue research.

Since 1992 multilevel system of education has been introduced and higher education institutions award the following diplomas and degrees ever (highlighted in red in the Figure):

Bachelor’s Degree (no less than 4 years of study on a designated program).The curriculum meets the program. Program subject matter has been introduced in accordance with the National Standard in Education. The program embraces occupational training and specific courses in science, humanities, social disciplines and economics; professional training; individual research and degree projects; final exams. Bachelor’s Degree holders are eligible for Master’s Degree programs and continuing their further education for advanced training (Diploma of Specialist). Bachelor’s Degree programs are available for all undergraduate students, except medicine faculty students and awarded after successful diploma project defense and final exams passing. It takes 6 years to enter post-graduate studies in Medicine.

Master’s Degree (MD) takes two years after Bachelor’s. MD students have to complete the program which requires MD dissertation defense revealing its scholastic value, internship and final exams.

Diploma of Specialist (5-6 years of training) is a qualification degree with two options to obtain: 1 academic year to complete after Bachelor’s; after 5-6 years of comprehensive education program completion. Diploma of Specialist offers professional qualification and equal employment opportunities.

Diploma of Specialist and Master’s Degree give graduate students further university level of education opportunities (postgraduate and doctoral studies) to obtain Candidate of Science and Doctor of Science. For your Doctor’s Degree you have to hold Candidate’s Degree (PhD).

Academic Year

Academic year starts 1 September and ends in June. An Academic Year falls into fall and spring semesters. Semester is a university term which lasts 16 weeks in fall (starting 1 September) and 15-16 weeks in spring (starting in February). Each semester follows pre-session week when students take tests and defend projects. Exams session lasts 2-3 weeks (after pre-session) at the end of each semester when students take exams and defend their final diploma.